The capital and the largest community in the Northwest Territories. Yellowknife is located on the northern shore of Great Slave Lake south of the Arctic Circle.
The Yellowknife settlement is considered to have been founded in 1934, after gold was found in the area, although commercial activity in the present-day waterfront area did not begin until 1936. Yellowknife quickly became the centre of economic activity in the NWT, and was named the capital of the Northwest Territories in 1967. As gold production began to wane, Yellowknife shifted from being a mining town to a centre of government services in the 1980s. However, with the discovery of diamonds north of Yellowknife in 1991, this shift has begun to reverse.
Only 400 km south of the arctic circle, Yellowknife is one of the best locations to view the northern lights.
Yellowknife sees up to 20 hours of sunlight during the month of June, and only 5 hours in December.